Geographic Web Sites

*Vermont Sites* - At this website you can obtain free public GIS data network with the Vermont GIS community, become aware of GIS activities in Vermont, obtain technical information on GIS related technologies, and otherwise educate yourself on Vermont GIS. (This site can further knowledge toward geography standard #3, How to analyze the spatial organization or people, places, and environments on the earths surface.) - This interesting web site displayed by the University of Vermont gives an insight into the past and compares it to the present.  At this site one is presented with sets of photos of areas around Vermont.  The sets include a picture of an area in the 1800's and early 1900's and a picture of the area presently.  This is good to see how land changes over the years as it is effected by people and nature.

The Vermont Alliance for the Social Studies, an affiliate of the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS), is a 501(c)(3) non-profit, educational corporation representing social studies educators including history, geography, political science, economics, sociology, anthropology, and psychology
- This site is great for finding all sorts of historical Vermont maps.  There is a map for every time the borders changed as well as maps that show land grants to the state.  On top of all of this there are outline maps for the state as well as every county.
Center for Rural Studies at the University of Vermont:

-- A great site for demographic and other statistics and some nice interactive mapping.

*Country/United States Facts* - This site, created by the California Geographical Survey, provides a large number of digital maps.  By using the provided maps one can find information about different income levels, population, race, education levels, and citizenship for the United States as a whole or four major cities; Washington DC, New York, Los Angeles, and Boston.  These maps are great illustrations of facts for comparison.  (This site can further knowledge toward geography standard #1, How to use maps to acquire information from a spatial perspective.  As well as standard #10, The characteristics, distribution, and complexity of Earth's cultural mosaic.) - This site provides a link for each state that includes a copious amount of information such as; Logo, climate, area, biographies of famous people, county profiles, state symbols, current events, history, highest/lowest point, motto, population stats, representatives, sports teams, state parks, and vital stats.  Useful in finding out information about each state in all areas good to compare Vermont stats to other states stats. (Standard #4 is touched upon with this site, The physical and human characteristics of places.) - Much like the site above.  Each state has numerous pages devoted to it.  First select a state and then click on the categories in the left-hand column to find out tons of information.  Be sure to try out each category to utilize this site the best.
The CIA Fact Book contains an enormous amount of information about every single country in the world.  By simply clicking on a country of your choice you can find out numerous bits of information.  Each country has a map.  Information that can be found includes; area, boundaries, claims, terrain, elevation, population facts, government branches and political divisions, GDP, income, labor force, budget, exports, number of TV's, radios, phones, railroads, marine, hi-ways, military information, and external disputes the country may have.  (Standards #1, #3, #10 are furthered here as well as Standard #11, The patterns and networks of economic interdependence on the earth's surface and Standard #13, How the forces of cooperation and conflict among people influence the division and control of earth's surface.) - Site of the Cultural Profiles Project from Canada.  This site provides different types of information of various different countries.  The site compares the different countries to Canadian culture.  This site is unique because it does not only provide basic facts about population and income but more in-depth information about such topics as religion, holidays, sports, family life, food, literature, and history.  (This site furthers knowledge of Standard #6, How culture and experience influence people's perceptions of places and regions.) - Site of the Population Reference Bureau that contains all sorts of information on population.  The site features articles that pertain to different population issues world wide such as African American Migration.  There is a link to United States population data.  There is also sectional information where each section contains its own population articles, the sections include; US/Canada, Latin America/Caribbean, Europe, Asia, and Africa.  There is a data finder in which facts about certain areas of the world as well as individual US states can be obtained, such as education, birth rate and labor force.  The site also contains a population quiz and links to various other population related sites.  (This site is good for Standard #9, The characteristics, distribution, and migration of human population on Earth's surface.  Also Standards #3 and #4.) - This is an amazing site chock full of information.  In the Make a Map section you can make your own map to show whatever you want from frog distribution to number of farms.  In the main atlas section there are numerous interactive maps illustrating various topics such as West Nile Virus distribution.  In the National Atlas Online Section click on an area and a number of variables to find out tons of information on your county or state.  This site is truly phenomenal and a great learning resource.  (This site is good for Standard #1, #3, #4, and #8, The characteristics and spatial distribution of ecosystems on earths surface.) - Nice source for information on countries in an official dimension.  Find out about the histories, agriculture, population, geography, plus much more at this site.  (Further knowledge for Standards #3, and #10.) 


National Geographic Online - Follow various links for maps etc. Tons of graphics on this site.  Activities, links to various organizations, forums, and the National Geographic Magazine are all at this site. - This website from the National Council of Geographic Education is a great tool for geography educators.  On this page many resources can be found.  There is a list of numerous award programs that teachers can nominate students of all ages.  There is a list of workshops put on by the council.  Also included is a comprehensive Advanced Placement section which includes links the the Education Testing Service AP Human Geography page, as well as outlines of how the course should run and a list of schools that participate in the program.  The NCGE also has a good resource guide that can be ordered off the page.  Finally there is a list of other Geographic Links.
This site from the College Board outlines the AP Human Geography class.  It gives a course description as well as sample Free-Response questions from past tests.  There is a Teacher's Corner that includes an outline of the course plus a bibliography section that includes resources that can be used in the course. - The Vermont Earth Institute offers many resources such as a video lending library, curriculum guides, fact sheets, and educational links.  The institute focuses a lot on sustainable living and offers tips/courses to live a life geared toward sustainable living.


PBS Online - This site is derived from a 1998 PBS series called the Savage Earth.  This site provides comprehensive information about four major topics; the changing earth's crust, earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunami's.  Video, animation, maps, and text are used to illustrate the reasons for these topics and their often devastating effects.  There is also a section called ask the experts where questions are answered by experts on these topic.  There are links to other sites dealing with these topics as well as a place to order the video tapes of the four-part series.  (Standard #15, How physical systems affect human systems, and Standard #14, How human actions modify the physical environment are applicable to this site.  Standard #7, The physical processes that shape the patterns of the earths surface, is extremely pertinent to this site.)

Scorecard - This site monitors the environmental hazards within the United States.  It provides numerous maps that illustrate where major problems are occurring.  Some of the problems that are illustrated are air pollution and animal waste.  The site has a feature article about some hazard.  The best feature is a zip code indicator.  Just enter your zip code and find out what hazards are plaguing you.  (Standards #14 and #15 are good with this site.)


*Topics* - This page was created by the United States Department of Education in response to the 1994 introduction of geography into the national curriculum.  This page, geared mostly toward 4th and 5th graders, contains the basic information on five different areas; Location, Place, Relationships, Movement, and Regions.  The different areas, along with the facts contain different activities to further learning.  The page contains a list of suggested reading, a good reference section, a glossary, and links to other Geography sites.  (This site is a plus with all of the geography standards.) - This site from the Franklin Institute is appropriately titled Neighborhoods.  This site provides bountiful information about Ecosystems, Biomes, and Habitats.  Each category has numerous types of it listed plus photos and definitions of may associated terms.  There are many activities to go along with each category, build your own biome for example. (This site furthers knowledge of Standard #8, The characteristics and spatial distribution of ecosystems on earths surface.)


*Fun* - The web page of the GeoNet quiz game.  Test your knowledge on various topics from three different regions of the United States.  There are a number of different categories in the hard and easy level, some categories are Places and Regions, Physical Systems, and Human Systems.  See if you can become the GeoChampion. - The GeoMystery Project produced by the Hawaii geography alliance has numerous place mysteries where students try, with photo clues, to identify a place in our country.  Mystery #18 is produced by a school in our state!  Can you guess what city they are from?


*Vermont College Geography Pages*
- St. Michael's College geography department web page.

h - University of Vermont geography department web page. - Middlebury College geography department web page.  



Arizona Geographic Alliance  - This page from the Arizona Geographic Alliance provides a comprehensive set of outline maps.  These maps can be ordered from the alliance or printed out using Adobe Acrobat.  Some of the maps included are of Southeast Asia, the Mediterranean and the United States.  (Use Standard #1, How to use maps to acquire information from a spatial perspective, in conjunction with this site.) - This site from TopoZone.Com allows a person to search for topographic maps from all over the United States.  A search can be done by simply using the place name or one can use Latitude and Longitude in decimals or minutes/seconds.  There is also a place to register for the TopoFactory where one can make their own topographic maps. (Standard #1 is also good with this site.) - From the Education Place at Houghton Mifflin a large number of outline maps for printing and use in class.  Maps include:  United States Climate, United States Capitals, United States in 1860, World Map Pacific and Atlantic Views, Africa Political and Physical, Southern Hemisphere, and many many more.  (Once again Standard #1 is good with this site.)

*More Links*

[Geography World Logo] - Many geography links can be found at this site.  The links are broken into categories such as Africa, educational, US states, and  magazines.
- A cracking gateway site. Ideal for occasional visits and a very useful source of maps and information on individual countries using the Atlas link. The webmaster is congenial and helpful and also distribute an on-line newsletter. Worth book marking.   - Excellent collection of geographic related sites. From the Missouri Geographic Alliance.  Sites include regional, river related, statistical, and maps. - A cracking site with links to tons of interesting and useful sites. Links to various journals, research organizations, datasets, and newsgroups.  Check out their map links. - NJ has many good resources listed.